Reading more of the report, I don't understand it to say that eating more meat is recommended. It says:
The Academy encourages HHS and USDA to clarify an aspect of the Scientific Report's recommendations related to dietary patterns that has received significant attention, specifically the DGAC recommendation that "the U.S. population should be encouraged and guided to consume dietary patterns that are rich in vegetables, fruits, whole grains, seafood, legumes, and nuts; moderate in low- and non-fat dairy products and alcohol (among adults); lower in red and processed meat; and low in sugar-sweetened foods and beverages and refined grains." The Academy did not interpret that recommendation as impugning the healthfulness of red meat or its place in recommended meal patterns as a protein and a source of important shortfall nutrients, such as iron. When simply looking at the broad category of protein, intakes "(as grams/day) are adequate across the population and protein is not a shortfall nutrient." However, when looking specifically at various sources of proteins, there is a difference in adequate intake, because animal proteins comprise a larger-than-recommended share of the overall nutrient consumed. (my emphasis)
First off, how odd that in a list of recommended foods, ordered by descending amounts, alcohol figures above red and processed meat. But more importantly... I understand this to say that the recommendation about relative amounts of food groups consumed in the American diet should not only specify "lower in red and processed meat" in relation to other food groups, but lower than we currently eat, as a population. Do others read it differently?
It goes on to say:
"the DGAC recommendation is consistent with existing USDA Food Patterns suggesting (a) that red meat consumption exceeds recommendations for most subgroups and (b) that a greater share of recommended protein consumption should be met by seafood, legumes, and nuts."
When we discuss the healthfulness of cholesterol and saturated fats we're basically talking about red and processed meats, right? So it seems that even if there is great evidence that cholesterol and saturated fats are not the health hazards we were all raised to think, the average American diet still contains a larger-than-recommended amount of those foods.
I'd love to hear others' thoughts on this