***WARNING: this post contains mention of psychological/emotional distress due to diabetes. Please be aware of this before reading!***
Hello all! As promised, I’ll share some of my findings from the study I completed last spring, which I will be attempting to publish in the near future. So here’s a sneak peak ;)
If you’d like to discuss any aspects of my study in further detail or ask any questions, please don’t hesitate to email me on email@example.com
I set out to determine whether personality traits and diabetes-related distress (known as subclinical depressive symptoms related to type 1 diabetes) have an effect on glycaemic control and self-care of people with type 1 diabetes.
- Gender: Female participants showed overall higher diabetes distress and poorer glycaemic control than males.
- Treatment type: There was no significant difference in self-care or diabetes distress between individuals who used injections or an insulin pump.
- Age: Older participants showed better self-care and better glycaemic control.
The personality trait Agreeableness and diabetes distress were significant predictors of glycaemic control.
Age, Extraversion, diabetes distress, and glycaemic control were significant predictors of self-care.
Interestingly, diabetes distress was a mediating factor in the relationship between Neuroticism and diabetes management. This means that whereas lower emotional stability is related to poorer management, this is actually more likely explained by emotional distress.
My study has important implications for healthcare professionals in managing the treatment of type 1 diabetics, especially taking into account the effect of psychological distress caused by emotionally and behaviourally challenging self-care.