I'm T1 and find that staying away from carbs as much as possible really helps keep things stable and a bit more predictable (as predictable as things can be with T1D). Anyway, I stay away from white flour, refined sugar, pasta, bread, and rice. I tend to eat a fairly high-fat diet, but am very physically active, so I don't really experience any weight gain from that. My fat intake is largely from things like avacados, eggs, cheese, and dairy. I don't eat red meat or chicken, but do eat fish. Lots and lots of veggies and fruit too (although I have to be careful with fruit because it can cause a lot of spiking if I don't bolus for it appropriately).
The conventional wisdom for T1D folks is that we can eat whatever we want, provided we match our insulin to our carb intake. However, I've found that certain foods (pasta, pizza, rice, and bread in particular) are just too hard to bolus appropriately for. So I generally stay away from them. Every now and again I'll allow myself a treat (in moderation), but I usually pay for it afterwards.
I'm a vegetarian, although this is unrelated to my diabetes as I was a vegetarian at diagnosis. I wasn't sure if I would be able to remain one after diagnosis but have been able to do so by eating about 100 carbs per day, sometimes a little less. I also spend a fair amount of time shopping and cooking. I haven't eaten sugar for 16 years so that one was easy for me. After trial and error I've found I can't eat rice or cereal at all because they will spike me unpredictably and aren't worth the trouble. Pasta is not much better for me (and it used to be a staple in my vegetarian diet!) so I only eat it when I go out and it's the only vegetarian item on the menu. I can eat potatoes in moderate quantities if I bolus correctly. Ditto bread. I can eat one slice of thin crust pizza with a combo bolus.
I don't eat any "substitute foods" - things like splenda or cauliflower potatoe salad (one of my least favorite vegies anyway), meat substitutes other than vegie burgers, or things made with flax meal, almond flower, etc. This is just by personal preference.
So what do I eat? Breakfast is always some form of eggs and vegies and small servings of carbs such as refried beans or bread. Always a cappuchino, bolusing for milk. Lunch tends to be something on a tortilla or cheese and crackers, both with a small serving of fruit, or 1/2 a banana with nut butter. (My favorite lunch but I only allow it 2 times a week as I can't be sparse with the nut butter and I am already struggling to maintain my weight! Dinner is really very varied, both in ingredients and carb content, though almost never over 50 carbs because I find that too unpredictable to bolus for. My appetite has gone down significantly since I started on Symlin so I can eat something carby in a small serving. (like last night I had 3 potato and spinach samosas for 31 carbs, and was content,where before I would have added a salad
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