i have been reading about injecting insulin up to 30min before a meal. i am wondering how many of you out there do this? i usually inject just before i eat, but from what i have been reading it is advisable to inject 30min prior to allow for the insulin to start working as soon as you start to eat. i do have a problem with not feeling lows, so this is a little scary and i fear i may drop before the meal without noticing.
so do you inject right before, or 20-30mins before or right after eating? i know some that inject after a meal so they can decide how many carbs they have eaten afterwards.

Views: 1559

Reply to This

Replies to This Discussion

30 minutes is a while to inject before eating and it is not something I would normally do. If I had a high BG (maybe 220+) and was planning a meal I may take my bolus (carb ratio and sensitivity) 30 minutes prior to a meal. I would be concerned of going hypo before the meal and before the meal hits my bloodstream just like you.

20 minutes before a meal seams more likely. If my BG was a little elevated (160+), I wanted to eat a lot of carbs, and the glycemic load of the meal is high.  I think this may be a trial and error type of experiment that you have to conduct to see at what point you go hypo and at what point you PP 1 hour and 2 hour tests stay the lowest. 


I like to bolus maybe 10-12 minutes before any meal of 45ish carbs or more (if my BG can handle it). 

30 minutes before a meal sounds like the old humulin R or Regular talk, but I guess it all depends on how fast your insulin starts acting on the carbs.

My son is on a pump and his doctor and dietician want him to bolus 10 minutes before a meal if his bs is in range and 20 - 30 minutes before the meal if his bs is high.
I try to bolus 40 minutes before breakfast, ideally 30 minutes before other meals or carby snacks if my blood sugar is 80 or above. This length between bolusing and eating seems to help calm, although not necessarily prevent, the post meal spike. If I'm in the 70s I usually eat 15 minutes after the bolus, and if I'm lower than 70, I eat a glucose tablet or drink some milk first, then retest and bolus. I have a pump.
With NovoLog around 0 to 5 minutes before eating. With Acctrapid it was around 15 to 20 minutes.

How high is your BG at the 1 and 2 hour mark after eating?
It really depends how long insulin takes to kick in for you. If you don't know how quickly it kicks in, you can find out by injecting and then testing. That's how I found out that Novorapid/Novolog takes TWO HOURS to kick in for me. So when I was on it (I call it Novoslow), I could inject and see absolutely no difference in BG for two hours.

I now use Apidra, and that kicks in in 15 minutes.

Everyone's body is different - you have to work out what is best for you.
I inject right after eating. too many times in the past that I injected and did not eat everything. Bad news for me.
I inject (Apidra) usually 15 minutes before eating, then if I don't eat for 30 minutes I will still be fine. For me, a correction from like 180 can take over an hour before I notice a change. I guess I figure if I can eat a piece of candy and raise my BG 30 points in 15 minutes, and it takes an hour for my corrections to kick-in, I should probably be injecting at least 15-30 minutes before eating.

Well, the time depends on the insulin!

Years back, when I was on Actrapid, I had to wait 30 minutes. With NovoRapid, it's said to be 10-15 minutes.
How long I actually wait depends on the situation and my bg. I try to go with the 10 min. But it varies.

As said, it really depends on the insulin.
Today, I could never wait 30 minutes before I start eating, if my bg wasn't very high, and in those cases I may not want to eat at all. If I'm in range, I wouldn't risk waiting so long, especially not during the summer. I recently corrected a 300 (oh, the food abroad...!) and an hour later, I found myself at 30. Exactly that would happen if I took insulin for a meal and waited too long. NovoRapid kicks in too fast, and sometimes even faster when it's hot outside.
I inject (pump) humalog within 10 minutes of starting a meal. But I take some time eating so that apple for dessert is eaten maybe 30 minutes or 40 minutes after injection. I eat high fat/high fiber and prebolusing tends to make me go low early and high in hour four. It really is a matter of trial and error.

thanks all of you for your input. i guess i should have mentioned that i use a pump and am using Humalog insulin. basically everything you all mentioned had crossed my mind. i think, that since for the most part, my BG's are within range 2hrs post meal, i will just continue doing what i am doing. of course, there are the occassions when it is high but that could be becasue of eating pasta or my favourite, mashed potatoes!!! do any of you pumpers ever do a a combo bolus? and if so how do you figure it out. i am using the Animas Ping.

I use the combo bolus (dual wave for MM) with some meals. In general I will use them when I am eating a high fat meal (pizza) or high protein (steak). Or I will try a dual wave when I have eaten the meal before and see my BG start to slowly wander up 3 or more hours after the meal (eating out). I suggest you look at some of the postings in TAG (Total Available Glucose - TAG) Group.  That group will go into much more detail than I will and a bit of it is trial and error to figure out how you specifically digest things. 


The basic concept is that about 40-60% of protein you eat can be converted into carbs and about 10% of fat can be.  This conversion takes longer and therefore can raise your BG later than expected and slow the digestion of the carbs you eat.  For me (through trial and error) I have found that taking 65-70% of the bolus (not including correction) up front and taking the wave for the remaining 30-35% of about 0.6 to 0.8 units per half hour (or 1.5 units per hour). 


Things to be aware of:  You probably have the protein and fat somewhat factored into your meals I:C ratio.  Therefore if you are going to count all your carbs, protein, and fat you may overbolus (bolus what makes sense to you).  From the bit I have read, diabetic's digestion varies a bit and my numbers may NOT be useful for you (but may be a starting point).  It stinks when you are expecting a meal to digest slowly and dual wave bolus for it, then the meal hits your blood stream fast and all at once.  You will get a bunch of Insulin on board with a rising BG that you can do little to correct.  If you are eating a meal that you know (from experience) will cause your BG to rise at 3+ hours, they why not give it a try?

I think injecting before eating could be suicidal, especially for me when the Gastroparesis is in a bad mood and the food doesn't stay down like it should, and that's not uncommon these days.....

Could be anywhere from a couple minutes after eating, to over a half hour, or not at all depending on how I feel, none of this is easy at all :shifty




From the Diabetes Hands Foundation blog...

DHF Joins Diabetes Advocacy Alliance

Diabetes Hands Foundation is incredibly honored to join the Diabetes Advocacy Alliance, an organization with the drive and potential to affect a powerful, positive impact on diabetes and healthcare policy. Diabetes Advocacy Alliance is a 20-member coalition of leading professional Read on! →

Helmsley Charitable Trust Renews Support for DHF

HELMSLEY CHARITABLE TRUST GRANTS SUPPORT TO DIABETES HANDS FOUNDATION FOR FOURTH YEAR  Funding in 2015 to support major transitions in programs and leadership at Diabetes Hands Foundation BERKELEY, CA: February 18, 2015 – The Leona M. and Harry B. Helmsley Read on! →

Diabetes Hands Foundation Team


Melissa Lee
(Interim Executive Director, Editor, has type 1)

Manny Hernandez
(Co-Founder, has LADA)

Emily Coles (Head of Communities, has type 1)

Mila Ferrer
(EsTuDiabetes Community Manager, mother of a child with type 1)

Mike Lawson
(Head of Experience, has type 1)

Corinna Cornejo
(Director of Operations and Development, has type 2)

Desiree Johnson  (Administrative and Programs Assistant, has type 1)


Lead Administrator

Brian (bsc) (has type 2)


Lorraine (mother of type 1)
Marie B (has type 1)

DanP (has Type 1)

Gary (has type 2)

David (has type 2)


LIKE us on Facebook

Spread the word


This website is certified by Health On the Net Foundation. Click to verify. This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information: verify here.

© 2015   A community of people touched by diabetes, run by the Diabetes Hands Foundation.

Badges  |  Contact Us  |  Terms of Service