Diabetes doubles your risk of Alzheimers !!!

Just read this article in a CNN link. Another good reason to keep your sugar in control.

(Health.com) -- People with diabetes are at increased risk of having a heart attack or stroke at an early age, but that's not the only worry. Diabetes appears to dramatically increase a person's risk of developing Alzheimer's disease or other types of dementia later in life, according to a new study conducted in Japan.
In the study, which included more than 1,000 men and women over age 60, researchers found that people with diabetes were twice as likely as the other study participants to develop Alzheimer's disease within 15 years. They were also 1.75 times more likely to develop dementia of any kind.
"It's really important for the [public's] health to understand that diabetes is a significant risk factor for all of these types of dementia," says Rachel Whitmer, Ph.D., an epidemiologist in the research division of Kaiser Permanente Northern California, a nonprofit health-care organization based in Oakland, California.
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Whitmer, who studies risk factors for Alzheimer's but wasn't involved in the new research, stresses that many questions remain about the link between diabetes and dementia. The new study was "well done" and provides "really good evidence that people with diabetes are at greater risk," she says, "but we really need to look at other studies to find out why."
Diabetes could contribute to dementia in several ways, which researchers are still sorting out. Insulin resistance, which causes high blood sugar and in some cases leads to type 2 diabetes, may interfere with the body's ability to break down a protein (amyloid) that forms brain plaques that have been linked to Alzheimer's. High blood sugar (glucose) also produces certain oxygen-containing molecules that can damage cells, in a process known as oxidative stress.
In addition, high blood sugar -- along with high cholesterol -- plays a role in the hardening and narrowing of arteries in the brain. This condition, known as atherosclerosis, can bring about vascular dementia, which occurs when artery blockages (including strokes) kill brain tissue.
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"Having high glucose is a stressor to the nervous system and to the blood vessels," says David Geldmacher, M.D., a professor of neurology at the University of Alabama at Birmingham. "The emerging information on Alzheimer's disease and glucose shows us that we do need to remain vigilant on blood sugar levels as we get older."
Studies dating back to the late 1990s have suggested that people with diabetes are more likely to develop Alzheimer's disease and other types of dementia, but the research has been marred by inconsistent definitions of both diabetes and dementia.
The authors of the new study, led by Yutaka Kiyohara, M.D., an environmental medicine researcher at Kyushu University, in Fukuoka, sought to address this weakness by using the gold standard of diabetes diagnosis, an oral glucose tolerance test. This involves giving a person a sugar-loaded drink after they have fasted for at least 12 hours, and then measuring how much glucose remains in their blood two hours later.
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At the beginning of the study, the tests showed that 15% of the participants had full-fledged diabetes, while 23% had prediabetes, also known as impaired glucose tolerance.
The participants were all dementia-free when the tests were done, but over the next 15 years 23% received a diagnosis of dementia. Slightly less than half of those cases were deemed to be Alzheimer's disease, with the remainder roughly split between vascular dementia and dementia due to other causes. (The diagnoses were confirmed with brain scans of living patients and brain autopsies in deceased patients.)
Both diabetes and prediabetes were associated with an increased risk of dementia diagnosis, although the association was weaker for prediabetes. And the link persisted even after the researchers took into account several factors associated with both diabetes and dementia risk, such as age, sex, blood pressure, and body mass index.
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The results were published today in the journal Neurology.
The next step, Whitmer says, will be to understand whether controlling blood sugar and reducing risk factors for type 2 diabetes also reduces dementia risk. She and her colleagues have several studies underway investigating these questions.

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Comment by Lila on September 22, 2011 at 5:01am
The headline talks about 'people with diabetes' but reading further, you have to ask yourself what this means for people who have diabetes, but who do not have high average blood sugars, and who are not insulin resistant. And also what it might mean for people who are insulin resistant but who do not have the genes to develop diabetes (my endo told me such people do exist; they can be severely insulin resistant but their pancreases just keep on tirelessly pumping out turbo-charged amounts of insulin).

I look forward to the studies investigating the next steps outlined by Whitmer.
Comment by Tim on September 23, 2011 at 1:16pm
I was diagnosed at age 14. The doc who diagnosed me told me that if I took really good care of myself, I might live to be 30. Well, whad'ya know, I'm way past that and have grey hair now.

If I live to be 60 and get Alzheimer's, I will regard my lifetime of efforts at controlling my diabetes as a complete success. Same is probably true for any disease at old age.
Comment by Laura on September 25, 2011 at 1:03pm
I was surprised to read this because I really feel that extremely low blood sugar kills brain cells, probably causing this instead. I have woke up after going terribly low and can actually feel like I have less brain cells in my brain. I'm not kidding either. My doctor agreed that really low blood sugar can kill brain cells.
Comment by TaupeLime on September 26, 2011 at 5:58pm
Oh even more great news. Well, some people spend fortunes just to forget about their life and problems :P
Comment by Unknown Diabetic on September 27, 2011 at 9:17am
This is such great news to hear since my Dad died from alzheimers a few years ago and as far as I know he wasn't diabetic. I noticed they didn't say anything about T1; so I know I am really screwed. At least the sun still shines.


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